Draw Poker

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Black Tom explosion
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Five Card Draw is played with a standard card pack, and there can be from two to six players - six probably make the best game. It is possible for seven or or even eight people to play, but then there is the disadvantage that the cards may run out during the draw. Before the deal each player puts an agreed ante into the pot. Usually the ante is the same amount as the minimum bet. After the shuffle and cut, the dealer deals the cards face down clockwise one at a time until each player has five cards.

Players may look at their cards, and there is a betting round begun by the player to dealer's left. If everyone passes checks in this first betting round, the cards are thrown in, the turn to deal passes to the left, the pot remains and everyone adds another ante to it.

In fixed or spread limit games, the number of raises after the initial opening bet is usually limited to four. If more than one player remains in the game after the first betting round, active players have one opportunity to improve their hands by discarding some cards and obtaining replacements.

Beginning with the nearest active player to dealer's left, each active player announces the number of cards to be replaced, discards that number of cards face down, and is dealt an equal number of cards face down by the dealer.

A player can discard from zero to three cards. The dealer should wait until the player has discarded the number of cards stated before starting to deal replacements. Discarding no cards at all and thus keeping one's original hand is known as standing pat. Naturally, it is in the players' interest to wait for their turns and not give away information in advance about how many cards they intend to draw.

In a game with more than six players it is possible that the deck will run out of cards since each player can consume up to 8 cards - a hand of 5 plus 3 more drawn. If the dealer finds that not enough cards remain then the discards of the players who have already discarded are shuffled and cut to form a new deck from which replacement cards can be dealt to the remaining player s.

Reusing cards rejected by other players is not very satisfactory, and this is why six players is normally set as the maximum number for this game. Until the second round of betting begins, any player is entitled to ask how many cards any other player drew, and be given an honest answer. After all active players have had a chance to draw there is a second round of betting, begun by the player who opened the betting on the first round.

The minimum and maximum bets allowed in the second betting round are normally set higher than in the first betting round - typically double. In a fixed limit or spread limit game, the second betting round, like the first, is normally limited to a bet and four raises. After the second betting round, if the pot has not already been won, players show their cards in clockwise order, beginning with the last player who took aggressive action bet or raised in the second betting round.

If everyone checked in the second betting round, the player who opened the betting in the first betting round shows first. Some allow a player to discard and draw four cards if the fifth card is an ace. Some allow a player to discard four or all five cards unconditionally. With these rules the likelihood of running out of cards during the draw process is increased. In practice, however, the difference is small since it is rarely if ever worthwhile to draw more than three cards.

Some prefer to begin the pot with a blind bet instead of or in addition to the ante. In the first betting round, the player to dealer's left is forced to bet an agreed amount, irrespective of his cards. The next player to the left may be permitted to straddle by placing a blind bet of twice this amount, the next player to re-straddle and so on.

Then the betting round begins with the player to the left of the player who placed the largest blind bet. Players may fold, call or raise. If all others call or fold, the player who placed the largest blind bet may check or raise. See the poker betting page for further details.

This game, also known as Jack Pots , a hand at least as good as a pair of jacks is required to open the betting. It is probably the most popular version of Five Card Draw Poker. There should be at least four players and preferably more, otherwise most of the hands will be thrown in without play. Opinions on the merits of this game have varied widely over the years. The ante and deal are as in Five Card Draw, but in the first betting round, if no one has yet bet, a player who does not have a pair of jacks or better is obliged to pass.

Once a player has opened the betting, others are free to call or raise irrespective of what they hold. Note that the opener does not actually have to hold jacks, or cards higher than jacks. Any hand that beats a pair of tens is sufficient - for example you could open with two pairs but not with A-K-Q. The draw is the same as in Five Card Draw, except that if the player who opened the betting discards cards that formed part of the qualification to open, this must be announced and the discarded cards kept separate from the cards discarded by other players.

This is known as splitting openers. For example a player might discard the Q from Q- Q- 7- 6 in the hope of getting a flush, especially if some of the other players seemed to have good hands. The second round of betting and the showdown are as in Five Card Draw. When the pot is awarded, the player who split openers must show the discarded card s to prove that the opening requirement was satisfied.

If no one has a good enough hand to open or if those that do choose not to open , then the cards are thrown in and it is the next player's turn to deal. If the opener wins the pot, enough of the opener's hand must be shown to prove that the opener really has jacks or better.

This applies even if all the other players fold on the opener's bet. If the opener cannot show a qualifying hand, the opener's hand is dead. The opener cannot win the pot. If there was a showdown, the best of the other hands wins the pot. If everyone else has folded the pool remains for the next deal.

Some play progressive jackpots: The rules are the same as Five Card Draw - Jacks or Better except that a player needs a hand at least as good as three of a kind to win the pot. If the pot is won without a showdown, the winner must expose enough cards to prove that the hand is at least as good as three of a kind. This of course further reduces the scope for bluffing. If no one has a hand as good as three of a kind after the draw, the pot remains, but the players who folded before the draw are out of the game.

The players who did not fold ante again and there is a new deal involving just these players. To increase the proportion of good hands, some players add a joker, to make a deck of 53 cards.

The joker is not a true wild card but a bug: So for example joker is not a full house but two pairs with an ace kicker. When used in a flush the joker represents the highest card not already present, so for example A- K- J- 4- 2 beats A- 9- 8-joker because the bug represents the K not a second ace.

The bug can be added to any of the above versions: In this variation of Jacks or Better , the four deuces twos are wild cards. A deuce can be used as any card the holder needs to complete a hand. At the end of July, that part of the famous national monument will have been off-limits for years. It was closed to visitors in because of an act of sabotage that some historians say was the work of the country's first major foreign terror cell.

The explosion on Black Tom Island, in New York Harbor at Jersey City, jolted millions from their beds and broke windows all over the region — about a million dollars worth of shattered glass. Its shock waves, as powerful as a magnitude The actual death toll, however, will never be known. Housing barges floated near the island, and people may have vanished in the inferno.

Flying debris ripped into the Statue of Liberty and popped rivets in the raised arm that holds the torch of freedom, forever closing it to tourists. At first, an accident seemed like the strongest possibility. When told of the disaster in New York Harbor, President Woodrow Wilson said he had no time to deal with "a regrettable incident at a private railroad terminal," wrote Chad Millman in his book "The Detonators: But a wave of mysterious fires and explosions around the country raised doubts that this was just a matter of bad luck.

In the years leading up to the U. Black Tom was a major storage depot for explosive powders and weapons as they prepared for the journey to no man's land in Europe, where they would be used to kill German soldiers. A few days after the explosion, The New York Times published an article pointing out similar events at companies that had been shipping munitions to the Allies. The number of incidents that had occurred in the two years since the war started pointed to the possibility of German saboteurs.

About 2 million pounds of explosives that needed only a spark to blow sky-high sat at Black Tom the night of the blast. One barge alone carried 50 tons of TNT and 25, detonators.

It was a prime target. First, the blame for the disaster was aimed at mosquitoes. One theory held that the spark came from smudge pots that had been carelessly set by night watchmen in an attempt to repel the bloodsucking pests. It was never possible to confirm this notion. Within a day, owners of the piers and the railroad storage cars were under arrest for manslaughter, but the charges did not stick.

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