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Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure improved to a marginally greater degree in the low-fat group at weeks 20 and 40, compared to the low-GL group. I would be such a nui- sance that they would have to get together and buy me a plane ticket back to sunny Florida. The user may respond by selecting the appropriate response for example by positioning a pointer or cursor at the selected response, or by using touch in the case the user has a touch sensitive device to select the region corresponding to the appropriate response. Different plans might work better for different people, and finding what fit best is an individual choice. It does not matter how cold it is outside as long as inside there is a warm relationship with God bor- dering on fiery expectation. We'd love to hear eyewitness accounts, the history behind an article.
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The automated coaching system, method and computer readable menu rely exclusively on non-human coaching; i. The automated coaching system of the invention includes a computer capable of communicating with users and programmed to respond to user reports of a wobble, slip-up or victory with questions to develop more information about the reported events and then, based on the current information acquired from the users plus historical information about the users, to respond with coaching instructions for the user.
The automated coaching system or method of the invention relies on a user device to communicate between the user and the system. Alternatively the system includes or implements:. The invention includes a method implementing the procedures illustrated in the attached drawings and a non-transitory computer readable medium which stores a program which when executed will implement the method described herein. The present invention will now be described in the following portions of the specification and illustrated in the attached drawings in which:.
More particularly, a plurality of user devices U 1 , U 2 , etc. The paths may be implemented with wired or wireless technology. The network N may include one or more of any of a wide variety communications networks now in use including the Public Switched Telephone Network PSTN , the Internet, other wide area or local area computer networks as well as combinations of the foregoing or the like. The modality of the networks includes both wired using electrical as well as optical transmission and wireless technology.
The user devices U 1 or U 2 may include any device which is capable of communicating over the network N including wired or wireless telephones, smart phones, computer terminals, tablets, personal digital assistants, computers or the like.
Basically the user devices can be message based, i. Typical devices use a browser type operating system, an IOS operating system or an Android operation system.
Alternatively the devices may be based on information expressed in the audio domain. In the audio domain the user merely speaks and at the server end a voice responsive device translates the spoken information to appear in the message domain. The server S can include any of a variety of commercially available computers, servers or the like including or coupled to one or more supplemental magnetic, solid state or other conventional memory devices and suitable interfaces for the network N.
The memory devices provide for the storage of plural databases which are employed in the coaching system of the invention. The automated coaching system of the invention is provided to assist a user to maintain their lifestyle menu.
The user's lifestyle menu may be derived from information provided by the user. For example the user will typically provide age, sex, height, weight information. Based on these parameters it is possible to estimate the user's basal metabolic rate. The user will also describe the user's current and desired physical activity levels, and if applicable, a desired weight reduction goal. With this information it is possible to calculate the user's recommended calorie intake. The user may also describe desired and undesired food types, recipes, menus, etc.
The user may also describe desirable food modes such as a home based meal preparation, b use of carry home prepared meals and c patronizing restaurants. Using the calorie intake parameter and the other information provided by the user a menu can be designed which respects the user's food likes and dislikes and has the promise of achieving the user's goals.
For example the menu may describe the type and amount of foods the user should eat for each day, for each meal as well as a snack or two. The menu may also include the source of the food, i. Similarly, using the user's desired physical activity levels a physical activity menu can be designed which is based on the user's suggestions. The physical activity menu may specify the activity, duration and intensity of the activity the user should engage in as well the frequency or the day of the week the activity should be engaged in.
The combination of the food and physical activity menus make up the lifestyle menu. The user then engages in reporting on the extent the user actually carries out the food intake and physical activity specified in the lifestyle menu.
Likewise the user reports on the user's weight at periodic intervals. With this information the lifestyle menu can be adjusted the calorie level of the food intake or the physical activity or both to guide the user to a lifestyle menu which will allow the user to realistically accomplish the user's goals.
In other words, if the user overeats, or eats foods higher in calorie levels than on the menu or under performs on the physical activity menu, the user's weight reduction goal may not be realized.
Rather than giving up, the lifestyle menu can be adjusted to more closely match the activity the user is likely to engage in.
With the adjustment the user then continues to report on the extent to which the user actually achieves the suggestions on the adjusted lifestyle menu. The automated coaching system is designed to respond to user reports of user concerns, disappointments, and successes related to adherence to the parameters of the lifestyle menu.
In the course of communicating with a system supporting a user's adherence to a lifestyle menu the user may report a wobble. In that case the automated coaching system registers the wobble report and performs the functions shown in FIG. The wobble report is received and recognized at function Function 22 is performed to transmit the user a request to qualify the wobble report. Wobble reports can be qualified with respect to several characteristics.
For example the wobble report can be qualified with respect to type, location, time, etc. Taking up a type qualification, the user may be allowed to choose a type of wobble from among options such as a craving, a lack of motivation, or a negative emotional state.
The time qualification may also be characterized with respect to time of day. This qualification can be performed in two ways. If the automated coaching system assumes that the wobble report is synchronous with the wobble then the time of day can simply be captured without further input from the user.
However the user may be reporting a wobble earlier in the day, in that event the qualification can include a query to the user with respect to the time of day of the wobble.
The foregoing processing is effected by functions 22 , transmitting a qualification request, function 23 , receiving a qualification response from the user and function 24 , to determine whether additional qualifications are available. The automated coaching system includes a database of interventions, i. The interventions will be sent to the user function 25 in response to the receipt of the wobble message.
The qualification information which is received from the user function 23 is used to assist in selection of an appropriate intervention. The tables of FIGS.
Each intervention is located on a different line of the table although the actual interventions are not reproduced in FIG.
Each intervention is qualified by association with one or more of the characteristics heading columns located to the left and to the right of any specific intervention. The qualifications are grouped into three broad categories. The craving sections FIG. The qualifications located to the left of the interventions for the other sections are apparent from the particular figure. In the examples shown in FIGS. As will become apparent the qualifications to the left of the intervention characterize qualifications based on user input whereas the qualification to the right of the intervention are used by the automated coaching system to enable the user to indicate a preference for one type of intervention as will become clear in the following description.
When the user reports a wobble the system carries out the steps shown in FIG. Function 22 is implemented by sending the user a qualify request. In the first instance that request would allow the user to select a section of the intervention table.
Each qualification response of the user is stored in association with the user and other data received in connection with this transaction. After the user responds function 23 the system might determine that there was a need for a further qualification function 24 and so a further qualification request function 22 is implemented.
Following the receipt of this qualification function 23 the system would determine function 24 whether there was at least one additional available qualification. In the case that there is, the next qualification request function 22 would depend on the user's response to the previous qualification request. Following receipt of the user response function 23 the system would then determine function 24 that there was no further need for qualification.
Using the user's prior responses and perhaps some further information such as the data from prior transactions with this user an intervention can be selected. If this was the user's first wobble there might be several interventions which would appear suitable; if the user had a history of prior interventions the system might have additional information from which an intervention selection could be made.
Referring again to FIG. The system waits for a user response function As seen in FIG. A first region 61 shows the user name or other identification of the user. A second region 62 reproduces the selected intervention. Three additional regions 63 - 65 allow the user to respond to the intervention. In this example the system allows the user to request a swap region 63 of the intervention; in other words the user can request the system to select a different intervention. Finally the user may also respond that the wobble has passed region 65 and so no further action is necessary.
The user may respond by selecting the appropriate response for example by positioning a pointer or cursor at the selected response, or by using touch in the case the user has a touch sensitive device to select the region corresponding to the appropriate response.
The user device transmits a message indicating the user selected response to the server. These responses are reflected in FIG. John Donohue, right, a food writer, havs dinner with his family at their home in New York last month.
A decade ago, my cholesterol hit two-alarm levels, and several doctors encouraged me to adopt a healthier diet. I purged the salami and hot dogs from the fridge and learned to love egg whites and low-fat cheese. Still, my cholesterol edged up. I redoubled my discipline.
But now there are two small people whose tastes skew the dinner and snack menus: There is scant research about what happens to parental diets and weight when children come on the scene — though one nearly decade-old Duke University study found that a father's risk of obesity rises 4 percent with each child and a mother's rises 7 percent. Truls Ostbye, a professor of family medicine at Duke who led the research, said the rise in men's weight was more surprising; women have hormonal changes.
But the study didn't reach conclusions about the reasons for the phenomenon. He said he could only speculate why fathers gain weight: John Donohue, who edited "Man With a Pan," about fathers who cook, offers a way to please children without having to get the waistline of his pants let out: He makes a single meal that everyone can customize.