In deep water: Water economy is threatened by climate change

Mikey Ahdoot

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Comment by stanner - April 11, at 7: The trick for me is finding the sweet spot between being productive but still having a life. For instance, white children of middle class, non-intact families showed a GPA difference of 3. Do you get derailed by setbacks more often than you would like? You need to focus on the things that create meaning.

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In , we expect to see more of this included in yoga studios nationally, and even more studios opening with the intention of appealing to all of the senses. Roughly 40 percent of food in the United States goes to waste. That's over 70 billion pounds wasted per year or nearly pounds per person.

This past year, chefs like Dan Barber started to share these problems with consumers—and attempt solutions. At his New York pop-up and community movement wastED , he strives to create delicious, appetizing food out of the food that typically goes to waste at different parts in the food chain.

His menu is a far cry from that of a typical NYC establishment with items like reject carrot mustard, off-grade sweet potatoes, and yesterday's oatmeal available for order.

The trend doesn't stop with the food he's serving—even the candles are made from leftover beef tallow. Last spring, Whole Foods also committed to a full-scale ugly produce program , announced in response to a Change. Over on social media, the Ugly Fruit and Veg campaign is working to spread awareness that yes, you can eat that twisted turnip.

In , it'll become more normal to see blemished fruits and vegetables on the shelves of your local stores as consumers become aware of the pervasiveness of food waste. The wellness set is raising a glass to mezcal. The distinctive, smoky distilled spirit has soared in popularity with sales doubling over the past four years, making its way onto cocktail menus nationwide. This year it's poised for a complete takeover.

For the health-conscious, mezcal's traditional, small-batch, rustic origins hold the key to its appeal. Whereas tequila production has largely been outsourced to large-scale factories, mezcal is still made almost exclusively in the Mexican town of Oaxaca, where agave is mashed by hand, roasted in underground pits, and left to ferment in the open air, taking on alluringly idiosyncratic characteristics. Now I've seen and used mezcal in riffs on classic cocktails—a mezcal negroni is a beautiful thing, perhaps even better than the original gin-based version—tiki drinks, and even in a new eggnog recipe.

Co-founder Elliott Bennett Coon explains their twist on the spirit: It's a joyful marriage. Chris Reyes of The Black Ant mezcal bar says his patrons go for mezcal because "it's healthier than a lot of spirits out there. It comes from a plant, and plants are in style. In the last five years, the feminist movement has seen explosive growth as the dialogue between womanhood and wellness begins to manifest.

The female founders of super-successful SoulCycle and BBG Ventures, who require at least one female founder, participated in its seed round. The Wing is a members-only gathering space for women who are interested in connecting with other women, want a safe and quiet space to work, or who need a midday touch-up and going home isn't an option.

The idea of women-only clubs isn't new—in fact, they're pretty darn old with earliest known roots in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In the past they were either reserved for society women or born from pre-existing communities, university sororities, churches, and other locally based networks.

This modern reimagination of women's clubs doesn't require a prerequisite of belonging to a separate community to participate. The only thing you need is a desire to connect. Women are now meeting and supporting one another as a means to well-being, acknowledging that authentic community and connection to others is one of the ways we can care for ourselves.

Women's circles are trending because of this open-minded approach toward communal healing, and now women's spaces give those sometimes nomadic communities a home. While The Wing has gotten the lion's share of press, several other women's societies have cropped up on both coasts in the last year. We expect to see more physical manifestations of, until now, largely online-driven messages of female empowerment in cities across the country.

Instagram will continue to be a vehicle for female empowerment messaging, and more women will start mentorships, host circles, and develop new ways to connect as a way to participate in our own and one another's well-being.

The trendiest diet since paleo, Keto is one of the most-searched wellness trends and dozens of keto Instagram accounts, cookbooks, and podcasts are now starting to emerge.

While plant-based diets are still beloved and going strong, people are intrigued by the potential neurological benefits of this high-fat, low-sugar diet that has been used as an effective treatment for epilepsy since the s and is now being studied as a therapy option for conditions like Alzheimer's and autism. The main goal of the ketogenic diet is to train your body to rely on fat instead of glucose for fuel. When you restrict your intake of carbohydrates you enter a metabolic state called ketosis in which the body produces ketone bodies from fat to use as energy.

Ketosis is a totally normal evolutionary adaptation for times when food was not quite as plentiful and available as it is now.

The ketogenic diet has been endorsed by leading integrative medicine doctors like Dr. Mark Hyman , who praises high-fat diets in his book Eat Fat, Get Thin , saying that when you don't get enough fat, you are starving your brain, which is nearly 60 percent fat. David Perlmutter —author of Grain Brain —say that ketones bodies are "profoundly neuroprotective" and can increase levels of brain-protective antioxidants and stimulate the mitochondria, which can affect energy levels.

Many keto enthusiasts praise the diet for its anti-inflammatory effects on the GI system and ability to increase energy levels and muscle mass while decreasing hunger pangs and total caloric intake. The diet is also gaining popularity among athletes, LeBron James as just one example , who embrace this new way of eating to maximize athletic performance. It is also rumored that Kim Kardashian used a version of the diet to lose her baby weight, which has added to its popularity and momentum.

The ketogenic diet is only recommended under a doctor's supervision but definitely expresses potential not just for an alternative treatment for neurological diseases but for athletes and anyone looking to nourish their brain. While we definitely expect to see more research on the long-term benefits and effectiveness of the ketogenic diet popping up in , we hope to see plant-based versions of this diet and less extreme ways to reap similar benefits.

Mushrooms have long been a staple in the culinary and psychedelic community, but this past year, they've burst onto the superfood scene. No longer relegated to stir-fries and stroganoffs, mushrooms are being lauded by functional medicine experts everywhere for their abilities to fight cancer, quell inflammation, balance blood sugar, and more. The healing power of mushrooms is nothing new, though.

Used medicinally in Russia, China, and Japan for centuries, mushrooms are at the base of many modern pharmaceuticals, from penicillin to anticancer drugs and the first statin treatments.

So if they've been around forever, why here, why now? Several varieties are also adaptogenic , meaning that they help our bodies to adapt to the various stressors of modern life. New processes have also made it easier to extract the benefits of mushrooms into easily consumed, therapeutically effective powdered extracts.

You'll find some combination of reishi, chaga, cordyceps, lion's mane, himematsutake, turkey tail, and in Erewhon Market 's Golden Milk Latte, Cafe Gratitude 's longevity and adrenal tonics, and Moon Juice's Vanilla Protein Mushroom Shake a perpetual favorite around the mbg office. Amanda Chantal Bacon, the woman behind the beloved-by-celebs shop and cookbook , has relied on mushrooms in her own healing journey.

While she loves their scientifically backed healing properties, she uses them in her shop's products because they "taste good in smoothies and tea or coffee. Ah yes—what about the flavor? With a relatively neutral, mildly earthy taste, mushroom powders blend best with strong flavors. Here at mbg, we love to make a superfood hot chocolate using chaga, reishi, and cordyceps with a generous dose of raw cacao powder and a healthy sweetener.

A mushroom latte is another favorite, simply blending a powder, coffee, and milk of choice until thick and creamy. In , we see mushrooms becoming a staple on cafe menus and the powdered jars taking a prominent place on any superfood-loving foodie's shelf.

Infrared saunas are a unique new trend that's gaining major popularity in the wellness community. These saunas use a different type of heat wave—the same that hospitals have been using in rehab and to keep premature babies warm—that permeates the body and raises its core temperature. Because of this, infrared saunas are actually cooler than traditional saunas and reach about to degrees Fahrenheit, while traditional saunas can reach nearly degrees Fahrenheit.

Because the heating system is different, infrared saunas also provide different health benefits like soothed muscles and joints, more powerful detoxification, and deeper relaxation Originating in New York and Los Angeles, minute sauna spa sessions are quickly becoming the trendiest way to detox and reap the benefits of a workout in major American cities.

These saunas are a unique trend because they work for people of all fitness levels and the immediate positive results are what keeps her clients coming back for more, often leaving their first session declaring that they are "totally addicted.

The consensus seems to be that a minute infrared session will have you sweating like you just did hot yoga and is an overall efficient way to detox, ease pain, speed muscle recovery , and de-stress.

Tiffany Jackson, a naturopathic doctor, has two infrared saunas and offers sauna membership options at her wellness center and detox spa in Charleston, South Carolina. She frequently suggests sauna sessions for clients, especially those struggling with Lyme disease and health issues caused by mold exposure but says it is a great alternative therapy option for anyone looking to detoxify the body and increase lymphatic flow and circulation. While infrared saunas have been around for a while—they are starting to pop up in wellness centers, yoga and fitness studios, and spas all over the country.

And with their health benefits backed by some high-profile doctors and endorsed by various celebrities who buy them for their homes , it's safe to say that infrared heat may be prescribed more to help with medical issues, will become a permanent fixture in healing spaces, and will likely warrant infrared-only studios in In today's age of organically sourced powders, boutique fitness classes, and exotic wellness retreats, investing in your health can get expensive fast.

But that's about to change. As the average person's interest in mind-body wellness continues to climb, industry leaders will keep exploring creative strategies to make healthy living as accessible as it is aspirational. EVEN Hotels is leading this movement with its affordable, wellness-centric offerings like natural amenities, SPE-certified menu options, comfortable, cooling bedding, and in-room training zones in every guest room.

The huge success behind the opening of our first six properties, with an additional five hotels in our pipeline, demonstrates the high demand for wellness-focused travel experiences. We're also noticing established wellness meccas like Whole Foods Market making this shift toward high-vibe living at a lower price point with its new brand that appeals to millennials looking to eat healthy on a budget. With three locations on the West Coast and more set to open across the country in , the store is looking to feed the masses with its affordable in-season produce, loyalty programs, and plenty of sales to drive costs down.

In , Made to Matter challenged its partners to focus on five key areas that impact the environment and the day-to-day lives of the store's shoppers. We can't wait to see what innovations it inspires in Sweetgreen is another eatery sure to please the busy bee who isn't looking to spend a fortune on healthy food. Whether that's making it easier for a customer to purchase a healthy meal on the go or hosting a run club in the city, we're on a mission to inspire healthier communities," says co-founder Nicolas Jammet.

The brand is making veggie-heavy eats trendy, transcending the foodie scene with an apparel and accessory line that infuses buzzworthy pop-culture moments with plant-based puns. All the while, holistic wellness centers are carrying this trend beyond our plates by offering affordable ways to relax and disconnect.

We're willing to bet that large- and small-scale health establishments alike will continue to drive down their prices and gear their marketing toward the everyday consumer this year. Deliberate practice is effortful and painful, flow is effortless and enjoyable. There may be no conflict. Deliberate practice is a behavior or a habit, and flow is an experience. Gritty people do more deliberate practice and experience more flow than non-gritty people.

In other words, deliberate practice improves your skill, and the challenge level exceeds your current skill. Analogously, a figure skater toils through deliberate practice to perfect her jumps and spins. Duckworth found that universally, grit paragons extend the benefits of their achievement to a level beyond themselves — other people like their children or clients or an abstract concept society, this country, science.

Evolutionarily, we may have developed a drive for altruism, because a cooperative species thrives more than the individual. This improves grit by both sustaining passion because your goals are more important and perseverance because you fight harder for goals that you care more about. There are at least two large ways of achieving happiness, and that can be divided roughly into pleasure self-centered enjoyment and purpose outward-benefiting.

Pleasure tends to be stable across grit levels, but grittier people tend to feel a greater sense of purpose.

There is a possible confound here where grittier people may take on jobs that are generally accepted to have more purpose like being a doctor , making the purpose questions easier to answer. However, across a range of careers, Amy Wrzesniewski has found similar proportions of people who consider their occupations a job, a career, or a calling.

You can have neither, and you can have both. You can at once want to be the most successful person, while at the same time helping others. People who have both self-oriented and other-oriented motives tend to be the most productive. The parable of the bricklayers: The work is not an end in itself. People who have careers have deeper personal investment and enjoy advancement within the organizational structure.

People who have callings find their work inseparable from their life — the work is personally fulfilling. Purpose takes time to develop — thus it tends to follow interest and practice, from the previous chapters. In fact, some students may be giving up too early if they skip from job to job every couple of years. I started to realize that if I could help people— individuals— do that, then I could help teams. If I could help teams, I could help companies.

If I could help companies, I could help brands. If I could help brands, I could help communities and countries. Grit depends on a hope that you have the power to improve things. Hope sustains perseverance by encouraging thinking about how to overcome setbacks, rather than just accepting them as permanent. Seligman and Maier split dogs into two groups. In one group, the dog is put in a cage and is shocked at random times. If the dog pushes against a panel at the front of the cage, the shock ends early.

After 64 shocks, the pain ends. In the other group, there is no panel that ceases the shocks. The next day, the dog is put into a box with a divider leading to another box partition. The shock is now announced with a warning tone, so the dog has a chance to react.

There is not a difference in behavior. Nearly all the dogs who had control over the shocks learn to jump over the wall and escape the shocks. This concept is called learned helplessness. Suffering without the belief of control habitually leads to depression symptoms, lack of concentration, and mood disorders.

It can feel like all is lost, and there is no solution to your problems. The antithesis to learned helplessness is learned optimism. Optimists tend to explain their suffering with temporary and specific causes, while pessimists seek permanent and broad causes. Imagine one major cause for this event.

Addressing specific and temporary causes is a part of cognitive behavioral therapy. If you keep searching for solutions to your problems, you at least have a chance of solving them. If you stop looking, you have zero chance. A similar concept is the growth mindset , that intelligence can be trained and is not innate. It considers responses to these statements:.

You instead believe you have the capacity to improve, no matter what you do. This may be a special event in puberty, but suggests that our brains are plastic and can be rewired. Your recurrent failures then perpetuate your negative feelings, which further reduce your likelihood of success and cause you to avoid challenges that would have led to growth.

In contrast, if you believe your skills can perpetually grow, and that misfortune is temporary and can be fixed, you keep trying to solve problems. When you break through and improve, you further reinforce your positive beliefs, which makes you try even harder next time.

They performed the same experiment on adolescent rats, and assessed them five weeks later as adults. The rats without control over shocks grew up timid and less adventurous. In contrast, the rats with control over their shocks seemed resilient to learned helplessness.

Maier argues that neural rewiring is strengthened by success. The duration of learned helplessness is troubling for kids in poverty, who receive a lot of helplessness experiences and not enough mastery experiences. For kids at the more impressionable age, the wiring between failure and mindset can be strengthened considerably. Similarly, kids who coast through life without having to overcome adversity can have low grit that makes them crumble under pressure.

Now that our Grit book summary has covered the major internal components of grit, we move on to external components: The Power of Passion and Perseverance teaches you how to create situations and environments that improve grit. Parenting styles are split on two axes: This myth causes parents who fear being oppressive to swing too hard in the other direction, giving unconditional support and open latitude.

Wise parenting presupposes that children are not always the better judge of what to do, how hard to work, and when to give up. Wise parenting produces kids who get higher grades, are more self-reliant, and experience less anxiety and depression. This is generally true across ethnicity, social class, and marital status. For instance, white children of middle class, non-intact families showed a GPA difference of 3.

Black children of working class, non-intact families showed GPA differences of 2. As children age, wise parenting leads to healthier behavior. Children of neglectful parents performed worst, drinking alcohol and smoking at a rate twice as much as their wise-parented peers. They also showed multiples more rates of antisocial behavior and internalizing symptoms depression.

Indulgent parenting produced children slightly better than neglectful parenting, but noticeably worse than the other two styles. Finally, compared to wise parenting, authoritarian parenting produced children with similar alcohol and smoking use, but slightly more antisocial behavior and noticeably more internalizing symptom s.

In an interesting experiment , graded student essays were sorted into two piles. The experimental group had a note that read: Duckworth posits that supportive and demanding parenting may be more likely to lead to grit, but requires that parents model grit for their children.

Not all children under wise parenting will grow up gritty, and not all gritty parents will practice wise parenting. Outside of the home, extracurriculars have been found to correlate well with student outcomes like better grades, higher self-esteem, and lower delinquenc y. In particular, the longer you engage in an extracurricular, and the more hours per week you spend, the better the outcomes. But where is the causation? Do extracurriculars train grit, or do more gritty people happen to just participate in more extracurriculars?

This can lead to both virtuous and vicious cycles. Someone who is encouraged to try and try again, against her comfort, may experience the satisfaction of a breakthrough. This may then encourage the child to try even more difficult things, then to welcome challenge. Likely the earlier you intervene, the more plastic the child is, and the easier time you can build virtuous cycles before vicious cycles take root.

Unfortunately there is a correlation between family income and Grit Grid scores — 1 full point for students who qualify for free meals.

A culture exists when a group of people agree on how to do things and why. The sharper the difference between this group and the rest of the world, the stronger the bonds. To be grittier, find a gritty culture and join it. You will conform to the group and adopt their gritty habits. The causation is bidirectional between the people and the culture.

People need to be gritty to join a culture that selects for grit like a top sports team. Then, because gritty people will reinforce each other, the culture gets grittier, which raises the bar for people who join.

This is the corresponsive principle at work. Eventually, the values of the culture we belong to become part of our identity. When values like grit become part of our identity, decisions depending on those values become habit and automatic. What are the risks? What is this situation? What does someone like me do in a situation like this? Thus, think of yourself as someone who can overcome adversity , as someone who can get the better of bad fortune by proving you can stand worse.

You will tend to act in a way that is consistent with your self-belief. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat.

My experience is that once you have done the work to create the clear vision, it is the discipline and effort to maintain that vision that can make it all come true. The two go hand in hand. Getting that across to players is a constant occupation. Angela Duckworth ends Grit: Does grit conflict with happiness?

No — actually, life satisfaction and grit correlate strongly. However, she believes her kids appreciate her grittiness and know achieving their goals is better than complacency. Can you have too much grit, just like you can have too courageous or too honest? Ideally, you swap the activity with something else that is consistent with your ultimate concern.

She also argues that by far, most of us need more grit, not less. Is grit the only thing that matters? In appraising, morality is the most important character trait. Angela Duckworth defines three clusters of character. Does encouraging grit set expectations unrealistically high for children? Will they grow up thinking they can be Mozart or Einstein?

To be gritty is to put one foot in front of the other, day after week after year, to fall down and rise again. How do you escape out of a local maxima of interest? Are there suggestions for when to re-initialize and explore more, rather than being confined to a fate? Talent is still a multiplier on effort, and between two people working hard, the more talented person will achieve more.

How do you identify and measure talent? Perhaps as defined as rate of skill growth with effort? Can you learn grit by training a skill that is not an interest, and then transfer that grit to a later developed interest?

More Tiger Mom style — if you train really hard at piano even though you dislike it, do you build a grit muscle that you can then transfer to something you really love, like dance? Or is it always more effective to spend time finding an interest, then developing that? This seems difficult, knowing the selfish people I know. Great summary … thank you! I am very interested in and appreciate learning about personal development but, not everyone is, including, of course at least for now , my teenage children.

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